There are a number of local and regional examples and initiatives underway to promote the sustainable use of bioenergy sources for heat and electricity generation.
The greatest focus appears to be in the wood energy sector where there is already good potential and enthusiasm within the region to expand the wood fuel sector.
What sorts of fuel can I use? Is it all logs? There are a variety of fuels available: Wood Chips, Wood pellets, Logs, Straw, Miscanthus and grain.
What is a wood pellet? This fuel is made from the same kind of clean sawdust that is used for pet bedding. The sawdust is heated and compressed into hard pellets and should be dust free. No binders and glues are added. If any water gets into the pellets, they fall apart very quickly so suppliers take great care to keep them dry.
Is there some form of standard for the fuel? A new British standard has been published (number CEN335) we expect this to become an ISO standard in 2012
What are energy crops? Energy crops are species, which are grown specifically to burn for energy. They include willow and poplar trees, which are grown as a "short rotation coppice" (SRC) and cut every three years to provide wood fuel. Other energy crops include oil-seed rape which is crushed to provide the raw material for Biodiesel and Miscanthus
What is Miscanthus? Miscanthus is a species of elephant grass grown for biomass. To picture what it looks like imagine a cross between pampas grass from the front garden and bamboo. This species grows to about 15ft high when it is left to dry, cut and baled. Power stations involved in co-firing are the main users of Miscanthus and grants are available to plant it under the energy crop scheme
Reverse Auction: Part of this management includes entering your energy bills into a reverse energy auction. This works the same way as a normal auction, but the bids get lower, not bigger! The top 800 energy companies bid for your energy contract and you decide which one is best for you.
Apollo Energy Tech can also help you become CRC compliant and ISO50001 accredited.
What does "arboricultural" mean? "Arboriculture is the selection, planting and care of individual trees, shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants, and the study of how they grow and respond to cultural practices and the environment. " It is usually used in reference to urban tree surgery work, as opposed to "silviculture" which is the management of whole woodlands.
BIO Must reads, watch and listen
BIO Must reads selection of recommended literature, DVDs etc
Account of the Crustacea of Norway, Vol. IV: Copepoda (Calanoida) £21.50
The fourth volume of Sars's comprehensive "Account of the Crustacea of Norway", Copepoda (Calanoida) covered all known Norwegian Calanoida - both freshwater and marine - at the time of publication (1903). 108 plates provide detailed illustrations of all the species; each species description includes male and female characteristics, Norwegian occurrence and world distribution. Out of print and very scarce for many years, the plates, figures and text are reproduced exactly from the original, with the added bonus of being fully cross-referenced and searchable for ease of navigation.
Biology of Intertidal Animals £21.50 JUST RELEASED!
Richard Newell's comprehensive and extremely approachable work on intertidal animals will be invaluable to anyone studying the intertidal zone, and the biology of the animals which inhabit it. The clear and practical nature of the text and over 400 figures makes this work the ideal companion to the study of intertidal life.
Birdwatching in Alaska £11.02
Alaska is a superb birdwatching destination and this video features the birds and places likely to be seen on a typical trip. Birding highlights include Snowy Owls, Bristle-thighed Curlews, Spectacled Eiders, Asian vagrants and much, much more.
Total of 114 species; Total Running Time 1 hour 30 minutes
Birdwatching in Scotland £11.02
This is the ideal appetiser for those planning a trip or a great reminder or previous ventures......Highly recommended to anyone with an interest in the Scottish avifauna. (Birding Scotland) Running Time, 1 hour 48 minutes
British Birds of Prey £15.28
Specially filmed footage shows you all the regular British birds of prey and some of the rarer ones as well; 25 species are covered in a running time of 1 hour 30 minutes. An expert commentary describes all the important features and a menu allows instant access to any species
British Fresh-water Copepoda, Vols. I - III £51.02
The three volumes of Gurney's "Copepoda" were published by the Ray Society in 1931, 1932 and 1933 respectively. Vol. I covers the Calanoida, Vol. II the Harpacticoida, and Vol III the Cyclopoda & Caligoida. The greater part of Vol. I deals with habitat, life cycle and distribution, then the remainder of the 3 volumes cover the taxonomy and individual species in great detail, with over 2,000 illustrations. Like many other Ray Society monographs, "British Fresh-water Copepoda" remains one of the most important works on its subject, many years after its publication. Now available on CD, for Windows PCs and Macs, with the added benefits of fully searchable text and hyperlinks for ease of navigation.
British Marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea £32.30
This invaluable reference work is now for sale as an e-book, covering the British and NE Atlantic Amphipoda. Lincoln's "British Marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea" is an extremely important text on the Amphipoda, describing and illustrating all 271 British marine and brackish-water gammaridean species known. Superbly illustrated with a full-page figure for each species, this fantastic book was originally published by the British Museum (Natural History) in 1979.
DVD Guide to Bird Identification 2.0 £16.98
Expert birder Dave Gosney explains in depth the key features to look out for when recognising and distinguishing birds in the field including plumage, behaviour and particularly songs and calls. The beautiful footage makes this film a delight to watch as well as providing a lasting reference. Professionally filmed at top birding locations around the UK with a running time of over two hours. Ideal for anyone wishing to brush up their identification skills or starting birding.
Guide to British Birds - iPod Edition £42.51
This is a DVD-ROM that can be loaded onto your iPod to allow you to play the DVD-Video Guide to British Birds on your iPod (if you have an iPod that can play videos). Once loaded, you can use your iPod to view videos and listen to sound recordings and commentaries covering 260 species of British Birds – that's all except the rare vagrants. All of this can be accessed in the field from a piece of kit no bigger than a mobile phone!
Marine Plankton - A Practical Guide £21.50
This is a first-class reference work for the identification of phyto- and zooplankton, and the practical aspects of collection, preservation and analysis of plankton samples. The clear and practical nature of the text and plates makes this work an invaluable companion to the study of this fascinating life style. With the original book unavailable for several years, this e-book is a copy of the 1977, 5th Edition, that has long been regarded as a standard work. With 56 black and white plates, this book makes identification easy and enjoyable.
The Fifth Kingdom on CD-ROM 2013
"The enthusiasm in The Fifth Kingdom...is taken to a new level in this stupendous CD-ROM which aims to inspire and woo students into mycology and also to promote concern for the environment. For anyone wishing to recruit new people to mycology, this is by far the best tool I have seen to-date. I can't imagine many mycologists who have seen this CD demonstrated not rushing to secure a personal copy." Prof. David Hawksworth, Mycological Research, 2001
The Genitalia of the Rhopalocera and the larger British Moths
This, the sixth volume in F.N. Pierce's series on the Genitalia of the British Lepidoptera, was published in 1941. Though they are regarded as invaluable for identifying difficult species, the originals are not easily available, and the reprinted versions were considered inferior in quality. Pisces Conservation worked with the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society to produce this volume in electronic form. They carefully scanned and cleaned the original artwork to recreate the plates from scratch. Furthermore, species concordance was added for all the species and their synonyms, with Bradley numbers, to assist the modern lepidopterist. This is more than a facsimile copy. It is a genuine improvement which will bring the original work to life for the modern user.
The Genitalia of the Tortricidae £28.04
Continuing F.N. Pierce's series on the Genitalia of the British Lepidoptera, "Tortricidae" was first published in 1922. Though they are regarded as invaluable for identifying difficult species, the originals are not easily available, and the reprinted versions were considered inferior in quality. The original book was carefully scanned to reproduce the plates and text in this e-book. Furthermore, species concordance was added for all the species and their synonyms, with Bradley numbers, to assist the modern lepidopterist.
All the above titles are available at Biblion and other good bookshops
What are "arboricultural arisings?" Arboricultural arisings are material that has been produced as a result of arboriculture. They consist of tree prunings, hedge trimmings and other woody and green waste. The wood component of this potentially a valuable resource for conversion into wood fuel.
How much do Wood Pellets cost: Unlike other forms of renewable energy such as wind or solar power, biomass systems require you to pay for the fuel. Pellets typically cost between £120 - £180 /tonne and pellets cost less at £50 - £80 /tonne. Fuel costs also depend on the distance from your supplier and whether you can buy in large quantities.
Thinking about going Bio Green?
Unlike other forms of renewable energy such as wind or solar power, biomass systems require you to pay upfront for the fuel. Pellets typically cost between £130 - £190 /tonne and pellets cost less at £60 - £90 /tonne. Fuel costs also depend on the distance from your supplier and whether you can buy in large quantities.
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